Treating back pain with the use of stem cells

If you suffer from back pain, the modern minimally invasive therapeutic methods offered at Sport-Med in Krakow could be the answer to your problems. Degenerative changes of the intervertebral discs are a very common cause of back pain and disabilities. In the past there were no treatment methods that allowed for the regeneration of the intervertebral discs, which is why people resorted to surgery when non-invasive methods didn’t work. The newest treatment methods based on regenerative therapies are a non-invasive alternative available for patients suffering from various back problems. Science suggests that soon invasive treatment methods for joint injuries will only be used in the most serious cases. At the Sport-Med clinic in Krakow we offer stem-cell procedures instead of traditional surgery.


The list below contains the most common back problems that can be treated with stem-cell therapy:

  • Rupture of the fibrous ring
  • Osteoarthritis of the spine
  • Back pain
  • Bone spurs
  • Spinal disk herniation
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Degenerative changes to the intervertebral discs
  • Disk extrusion
  • Disk protrusion
  • Herniated nucleus pulposus
  • Neck pain
  • Inflammation of the nerve roots
  • Sciatica
  • Radiculopathy

If you are wondering whether your back problem can be treated with the use of stem-cells, use the contact form to get in touch with our personnel.

Description of the procedure

Stem cells can differentiate into specialised cells. Stem cells can be embryonic or adult. Embryonic stem cells are obtained from embryos which is why they raise some ethical questions. At the Sport-Med clinic we use adult stem cells harvested from the patient.

Adult stem cells used to treat musculoskeletal diseases are called mesenchymal stem cells. They are multipotent stem cells that can differentiate into bone, cartilage or fat tissue. The important thing is that they cannot differentiate into other kinds of cells.

In the human body, there are many places that store stem cells that can be used in treatment. One of the quickest and simplest methods is to harvest stem cells from the hip bone as they can be found in the bone marrow. The whole procedure of harvesting and injecting the stem cells in performed in the Sport-Med clinic. It begins with the patient lying on the table on their front. Next the doctor administers local anaesthetic, then a special needle is inserted into the bone with the use of a fluoroscope. The needle reaches the marrow cavity, which is where the doctor harvests the bone marrow. Then the needle is removed and a small dressing is placed where the needle was inserted.

The harvested solution is sent to the laboratory and placed in a centrifuge. The centrifuge allows us to separate the stem cells from the other cells that will not be used in the procedure. The solution containing the stem cells is placed in a new syringe and is ready to be given to the patient. The area where the stem cells will be injected is identified on the basis of an ultrasound exam or a fluoroscope. Then that area is anaesthetised and under the control of an ultrasound or fluoroscope the doctor inserts the needle and injects the solution containing stem cells. The stem cells can be given in the area of the intervertebral disks, stimulating collagen regeneration.

Advantage over surgery

Stem cell therapy allows you to avoid negative side effects that can occur after surgical procedures. It is an innovative method that makes use of the body’s natural self-healing abilities. There is no risk of infection or limited joint motion. We can recommend short-term physiotherapy after the stem-cell injection but the length of the therapy depends on the patient. The procedure of injecting stem cells is safe. The only risk it involves in slight bleeding or rejection of the stem cells. The benefits of the procedure are usually noticed 2-3 months after the procedure finishes, sometimes earlier. For most patients it is enough to perform the procedure once, others need it 2 or 3.

Stem-cell therapy is used to treat various joints, not just the back. New possibilities of using this breakthrough treatment are discovered every day. Take a look at the full range of treatments using stem-cell therapy available at our clinic.